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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

2(J4                          THE BHARAT-PCB BCILDISCS AT BRG5DX-BA5.
Hiere are in Brinda-ban no secular buildings of anj great antiquity. The
olJest is the court, or Ghera, as It is called^ of Sawal Jay Sinh, the founder
of JaTpur5 who made Bands-Ban an occasional residence during the time
that lie was Governor of the Province- of Agra (1721-1728). It is a large
wallet! enclosure with a pavilion atone end, consisting of two aisles divided into
live bars by piers of coupled columns of red sandstone. The river front of the
town lias a succession of gfojits reselling for a distance of about a mile and a-half.
Their beaut? has been greatly marred by the religious mendicants who have
takra possession of all the graceful stone kiosqaesand utilized them for cooldna--
plaees, blocking up the arches with mud walls and blackening the carved work
with the smoke of their fires. I cleared out a great many, but left the task
unfinished. The one highest up the stream is the Kali-mardan Ghat with the
kadamh tree from which Krishna plunged Into the water to encounter the great
•serpent Eiliya ; and the lowest at the other end is Kesi GMt, where he slew the
equine demon of that name. Near the latter are two handsome mansions built
by the lltkiiis Kishori and LacHiini, consorts of Ranjit Sink and Randhir Sinh,
two successive RMJIIS of Bharatpur. In both the arrangement is identical
with that of a mediaeval college, carried out on a miniature scale; but with
extreme elaboration of detail. The buildings are disposed in the form
of a quadrangle, with an enriched gateway in the centre of one front and
opposite it the cliapel? of more imposing elevation than the ordinary domestic
apartments, which constitute the two flanks of the square. In Rani Lachhmi's
Lnaj (such being die distinctive name for a building of this character), the temple
front is a very ricli and graceful composition. It has a colonnade of five arches
Branding on a high plinth, which, like every part of the wall surface, Is covered
\vith the most delicate carving and Is shaded above by unusually broad eaves
which Iiave a wavy pattern on their itnder-sarface and are supported on bold
bracket.*. The work of the elder Baui Is of much plainer character; and a third
fcwn/j which stands a little lower down the river, close to the temple of Dhir
Samir,* built by Thakur Badan Sinh, the father of Suraj Mall, the first of the
Bharaipur Bdjiis, though large, has no architectural pretensions whatever^ The
most striking of* the whole series is, Iiowe?er5 the Ganga Mohan Kunj, built la
* In ctplanatitm of ihe title of this teujple, which meaas literally *a soft breeze,' take the
followingliae from the Ulta tioUaua of Jajale^a :—
Dhira^umine Ya/attaa-li/e vasatt 'cane vanu~mdlit
'*hicl! miay be feras trans I ate J—
He is. vditiQ^fiower-begarlanded, beneath the forest trees,
cool tcjosa the Jamaci          the soft delicious bretze.